Tag Archives: names

Tracking Homeless Deaths

As of January.1st, 2017, the City of Toronto has begun tracking homeless deaths. The process is still in its infancy and has taken the city a while to speak to the public about how the new system is working and what their findings have been.

A press conference was held on January.10th with public health officials, some city councillors discussing how this is a problem that needs addressing in order to fully understand the scope of how many people are dying while homeless. We need this information for raising awareness and improving health.

cathy crowe press conference

Street Nurse Cathy Crowe

Up until now, tracking deaths has involved some volunteers from the Toronto Homeless Memorial Network who have called around to a few agencies once a month to find out who has died. The only other information provided by the city are lists of deaths that have occurred in city-funded shelters and even so, this page is not always up to date.Therefore, this does not include any deaths in hospitals or any other locations in the city.

Needless to say, there are many deaths that are not being recorded and we need to do better. Hopefully this new system will show us the extent of the homeless crisis in our city, but we have yet to hear more.

Homeless Memorial Quilt Project

Art is a fantastic form of expression that can inspire, motivate and heal. The Red Wagon Collective Saturday Art Group has put together a wonderful project. They have been working on a quilt project in partnership with the Toronto Homeless Memorial Network.

The Red Wagon Collective Saturday Art Group is a collective of low income; homeless (shelter users and street sleepers); inadequately/institutionally housed; recently incarcerated; and low income people.  

They refuse to forget those whose lives have been abandoned by the state. Instead, they choose to remember, mourn, and organize.

name-quilt-black-and-white

The project has inspired conversations around the housing crisis and the neoliberalization of homelessness. The quilt is a public way to remember those who have died while homeless and includes members of the community who wish to mourn the loss of loved ones.

The Homeless Memorial Quilt Project aims to create a mobile, accessible means of mourning in the homeless community. As many street involved folk are buried in unmarked graves in the far ends of the city. The collective plans to continue on in this project and have begun a second quilt for the year 2016. The Quilt Project will be shown at every memorial. They will have a table set up in the church for people to participate in the ongoing quilt project by painting the name of a friend or loved one who has died of homelessness on a fabric square. Each square will be sewn together for the next quilt.

The collective believes art and art praxis to be crucial to our survival and resistance. Thus, demands the following:

1. A national subsidized housing strategy

2. The CREATION and MAINTENANCE of CLEAN, SAFE and ACCESSIBLE SUBSIDIZED housing in TORONTO.

3. Increased shelter beds and improved shelter conditions (including the Out of the Cold program).

4. The emergency measure of opening the armouries in the winter months to prevent freezing deaths and meet the lack of the already exhausted shelter system.

5. An end to the freezing and/or cutbacks of city budgets by Mayor John Tory and city council.

5. An end to councillor support of gentrifying projects like the Seaton House Revitalization (Kristyn Wong Tam) and the Moss Park redevelopment.

For more information about their projects, please visit their website, or
follow them on Facebook

 

Stone and Glass: We Are All Transient

Myseum is a non-profit organization that celebrates diversity and helps the community to further understand it’s culture and urban spaces. The collective is launching its first annual festival of exhibits exploring different perspectives on the city’s natural, cultural, and historical diversity.The festival runs March.6th-31st.

On March.9th from 6:30-9:30pm at The Church of the Holy Trinity and Trinity Square, the event launch will be taking place that includes an art installation, live music, drumming, historical church tour, food and activism.

The event is a collaboration between The Church of the Holy Trinity, The Toronto Homeless Memorial Network and community artist Rebecca Houston. The premise for the installation is that most people aren’t aware of how many people die homeless and without support. The names of those who have passed away will be projected onto the front face of the church in order for people to take notice.

This is an excerpt from the flyer:

“We all pass briefly through the world, but we are not all treated the same. In Toronto alone nearly 800 people have died on the streets and in temporary shelters since 1985. Many die without a name, listed only as Jane or John Doe. Come for an evening light and sound installation honouring them and calling for change in their memory”

memorialflyer

 

The following is a list of what she is looking for if you are interested in volunteering:
Volunteers to arrive early, (5pm) help set up sound, tables, chairs, food (5-10 people)
Crowd greeting and handing out programs- “Ambassadors” (10-15 people) (from 5:45-7pm)
Help serving food (5 people) (from 6-8:30pm)
Clean up (10-15 people) (9-10pm)

If you are interested in volunteering, please contact Rebecca Houston:rebeccajanehouston[at]gmail.com

Here is the official website.
Twitter: Stone and Glass @homelessevent

Importance of Names

“The dead cannot cry out for justice; it is a duty of the living to do so for them” 

– Lois McMaster Bujold

Every second Tuesday of the month, some community members gather at the Church of the Holy Trinity in downtown Toronto in order to remember those homeless people who have passed away. One of the hardest parts of attending the Toronto Homeless Memorial, is hearing the list of names that are read during the ceremony. If that wasn’t difficult enough, many of the deceased could not be identified and therefore are read as “Jane Doe” or “John Doe.”

We pride ourselves on our “first world” status, on how “developed” we are compared to other countries. The truth is, we are far from developed. People…and I will repeat this again…people who have died homeless should not have been in that position in the first place. But even further, we cannot even keep track of our citizen’s names? Who were they? And at the very least, what were their names? Where is the dignity?

FullSizeRender

Kumar and colleagues suggest that we are born with an identity and we deserve to die with one, as it is a fundamental right of being born a human (2014:80). Michael Stoops informs us that “[w]hen a homeless person dies they do no often get the same sense of dying with dignity as a housed person” (2007:6). What most of us might take for granted here is that for many, burials and funerals are commonplace. Gravestones are often marked with the names of the dead. Unknown soldiers are also another group that do not get named in death, however, they are much more exalted in our society.

In a recent paper I wrote, I unpack some of the answers surrounding Judith Butler’s question of “what makes for a grievable life?” (2003:10). In neoliberal times, those people engaged in economic gains and productivity tend to be considered more valuable than those people who “do nothing.” We think to ourselves that money makers are more valuable than John Doe’s who die on the streets because they never contributed to society in a productive economic way. Thomas Laquer would agree, “[w]e have a history of commemorating the dead through monuments, which include war veterans, public workers and political figures. Some of these sites only include those who have “done something for humanity” (2015:423). However, if you learn about people who are homeless and hear their stories, then you will learn some of them were “productive” members of society (which is actually beside the point, but needed to be mentioned).

A human life is a human life, and because we have labelled and stigmatized homeless people, we just don’t care enough as a society to learn their names. Tipple and Speak suggest, that “[t]he negative and exclusionary language used to describe and discuss homeless people helps to construct homeless people as ‘other’ and institutionalize their stigmatisation keeping them dissociated and disconnected from society” (Tipple & Speak 2004:2). Society in general seems to be ok with this, to see homeless people as parasitic and therefore who cares about when they die or what their names were, right?

Despite this, some of us are working to change that.

baby feet

Laquer has also pointed out that “[n]aming marks the entry not into biological but into human life” (2015:367). In Ontario, when we are born, we are required to submit our children’s names to the province that in turn, provides a birth certificate. This is an important societal ritual, not only because it is an official government act, but on a personal level, we can understand its importance. Psychologists have done research on the importance of names. The field has also labelled a phenomenon called “The Cocktail Party Effect” which is being able to recognize our name being said in a noisy room and a good overview of the literature can be found here. Nisbett and Ross (1980) inform us that we pay more attention to identifiable victims than statistical ones.

It is clear. Names are important to us all. We should not live in a society where we cannot keep track of our dead. If this is something important to you as well, contact your local MP and MPP and support affordable housing and social supports as a priority in order to prevent this tragedy from happening in the first place.

References

Bujold, L. (2002). Diplomatic immunity. Riverdale, NY New York: Baen Books.

Butler, J., (2003). Violence, Mourning, Politics. Studies in Gender and Sexuality. 4(1): 9-37.

Colman, A. M., Hargreaves, D. J., & Sluckin, W. (1980). Psychological factors affecting preferences for first names. Names, 28(2), 113-129.

Kumar, A., Harish, D., Singh, A., & Kumar, G. A. (2014). Unknown Dead Bodies: Problems and Solutions. Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine, 36(1), 76-80.

Laqueur, T. (2015). The work of the dead : a cultural history of mortal remains. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Nisbett, R., & Ross, L. (1980). Human inference: Strategies and shortcomings of human judgment. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Stoops, M. (2007). Dying without dignity: homeless deaths in Los Angeles County, 2000-2007. Los Angeles Coalition to End Hunger & Homelessness.

Tipple, G., & Speak, S. (2004). Attitudes to and interventions in Homelessness: Insights from an International Study. In paper delivered to International Conference Adequate and Affordable Housing for All, June (pp. 24-27).